Editor’s Note: The below information was gathered from the National Conference of State Legislature's Transportation Funding and Finance Legislation Database.
For more information from the individual bills, click here.
The following legislation related to transportation issues were not passed by state Legislatures.
Alabama: Failed to establish the Alabama Transportation Infrastructure Bank and motor fuel taxation.
Arizona: Failed to pass a vehicle mileage tax.
Arkansas: Failed to establish a partnership for infrastructure and public facilities. The state also failed to pass a sales and use tax revenue from vehicles. The legislation would have used revenue from used and new vehicle sales partially for road projects in the state.
Connecticut: Several pieces of transportation for the state failed this term, including: resolution to amend the constitution to limit the use of money in the Special Transportation Fund; decreasing the gas tax and establishing electronic tolls on highways with a congestion pricing system; preventing money from the Special Transportation Fund to go toward General Fund projects; and requiring the Department of Transportation to report toll studies to the General Assembly.
Florida: The state failed to authorize public-private partnerships, which would have related to contracts that include country road construction and financing, among other projects.
Idaho: State lawmakers shot down several pieces of transportation legislation including: an additional one percent sales and use tax for five years that would go toward the Highway Distribution Account; increasing gas tax rate by 2 cents per year and diesel by 3 cents per year, which would yield (along with other portions of revenue from the legislation) an additional $147 million per year for transportation; transferring sales tax revenue from tire and motor vehicle equipment sales to the highway distribution account; and increases to various permits for oversized and overweight loads.
Indiana: Lawmakers failed to pass legislation that said part of the gas sales tax would go toward road projects in counties, cities and towns. Raising the gas tax by $0.02 per gallon with an octane number more than 87 failed along with gas tax revenue split up for different road and bridge project needs, including 40 percent to the Indiana Department of Transportation. An excise tax on alternative fuel used as motor fuel was also shot down.
Kentucky: Failed to establish public-private partnerships to finance transportation projects.
Maryland: Lawmakers failed several pieces of legislation including: a state Constitutional amendment to establish a Transportation Trust Fund solely for transportation purposes; authorizing municipal and country governments to impose a sales and use tax on motor fuel to finance local road projects and transit; amendment to authorize the General Assembly to authorize a referendum on a transportation investment program and the issuance of specified bonds; state policy on public-private partnerships to be listed in the capital budget or in the Consolidated Transportation Program; prohibits state or local from requiring a device in or on a private vehicle to monitor the number of miles traveled and imposing a vehicle-miles-traveled tax; and the Transportation Infrastructure Investment Act of 2013, which (among many things) altered the distribution of motor fuel tax revenue.
Minnesota: Failed to authorize the commissioner of transportation to create a joint program office to handle public-private partnerships regarding public infrastructure projects.
Mississippi: Failed to lower the excise taxes on gas and diesel by 3 cents, but also adding an additional 6 percent tax on wholesale prices of fuel. It also failed to prohibit the transfer of money in the state highway fund or other special funds to the credit of the Mississippi Department of Transportation that does not go toward the department and a requirement for a statewide election for increasing sales tax by one-half cent.
Montana: State lawmakers failed to increase the gas tax by 2 cents a gallon, making the norm 29 cents per gallon. One cent would have gone toward maintenance and repair of state highways and one cent to public transportation. In a fiscal note, it was expected to bring in $9.872 million each year.
Nevada: Failed to require the State Treasurer to return a portion of revenue from the taxing of special fuel to the counties it was generated to use the funds for road maintenance and construction. Lawmakers also did not increase excise taxes on fuels (including liquefied petroleum gas and compressed natural gas) by 2 cents per gallon in 2014, with each year raising the tax by 2 cents until 2023.
New Hampshire: Lawmakers shot down a two year $0.05 per gallon surcharge to the as tax. The money would have gone toward a 10-year transportation improvement plan for rural and town roads. Video lottery machines and table games at one location, with funding partially going toward highways, roads and bridges, failed to pass.
New Mexico: Failed to establish public-private partnerships to help fund public projects.
Oregon: Lawmakers failed to require those operating high-mileage vehicles to a pay a per-mile road usage charge or flat annual road usage charge.
Texas: Failed to propose a constitutional amendment to transfer some general revenue for road improvements. The rate of state sales and use tax were not increased for repaying transportation bonds. The state also failed to increase motor vehicle and trailer registration fees.
Virginia: Failed to make the retail sale of gas, diesel and other fuels subject to the general 5 percent retail sales and use tax and reduces the fuel tax on such fuels by $0.05 per gallon (from $0.175 per gallon to $0.125 per gallon). A constitutional amendment also failed that would have required the General Assembly to maintain separate transportation funds, including Commonwealth, Transportation Trust and Highway Maintenance, etc.
West Virginia: Lawmakers failed to direct the Commissioner of Highways to conduct a study on alternative revenue mechanisms for development and maintenance of state roads and highways. Transportation financing through public-private partnerships also failed.
Wyoming: Failed in revenue for transportation and to increase vehicle registration fees.